Glinda, the Good Witch of the North, was played by Billie Burke. Her most
"You have no power here! Now begone, before somebody drops a house on you! "
Some facts you might not know about Glinda/Billy Burke:
*Billie Burke's total screen time as Glinda, the Good Witch of the North,
was only twelve minutes.
Billie Burke's dressing room was just as every bit as enchanting as the role
she played in the film in that it was decorated in pink and blue with pink satin walls and a pink chaise-lounge.
Billie Burke's salary while filming The Wizard of Oz was $766.67 per
In the book, The Making of the Wizard of Oz, Aljean Harmetz points
out that "From the moment Glinda asks the Munchkins to come out of hiding until the explosion that signifies the arrival of
the Wicked Witch of the West, all the conversation is in rhyme and song."
The daughter of a circus clown, American actress Billie Burke became a musical comedy
star in the early 1900s under the aegis of two powerful Broadway producers: Charles K. Frohman and Florenz Ziegfeld. Burke's
career soared after her marriage to Ziegfeld, which was both a blessing and a curse in that some newspaper critics, assuming
she wouldn't have reached the heights without her husband's patronage, gave her some pretty rough reviews. Actually, she had
a very pleasant singing voice and ingratiating personality, not to mention natural comic gift that transferred well to the
screen for her film debut in Peggy (1915). She had no qualms about adjusting to characters roles upon reaching 40, but she was devoted
to the stage and didn't intend to revive her film career - until the crippling debts left behind by Ziegfeld after his death
in 1932 forced her to return full-time to Hollywood. At first concentrating on drama, Burke found that her true strength lay
in comedy, particularly in portraying fey, birdbrained society ladies. She worked most often at MGM during the sound era,
with rewarding side trips to Hal Roach studios, where she appeared as Mrs. Topper in the three Topper fantasy films, played Oliver Hardy's wife in Zenobia (1939) and earned an academy award nomination for her performance in Merrily We Live (1938). A tireless trouper, Burke appeared in virtually every sort of film, from rugged westerns
like Sgt. Rutledge (1960) to a pair of surprisingly good two-reel comedies for Columbia Pictures in the late 1940s. If she
had done nothing else worthwhile in her seven-decade career, Burke would forever be remembered for her lighthearted portrayal
of Glinda the Good Witch in the matchless The Wizard of Oz (1939). In addition to her many film portrayals, Burke was herself portrayed in two filmed biographies
of Flo Ziegfeld: Myrna Loy played her in The Great Ziegfeld (1936), while Samantha Eggar took the role in the TV-movie Ziegfeld: The Man and His Women (1978). ~ Hal Erickson, All Movie Guide
|Galinda or Glinda ?
|Arduenna = her last name in Maguire's book!
|"Are people born wicked? Or do they have wickedness thrust upon them?"
KRISTIN CHENOWETH-THE FIRST "GALINDA UPLAND"
Born on July 24, 1968,
in Tulsa, OK.
Education: Oklahoma City University, bachelor
of arts degree in musical theatre; master of arts degree in opera performance.
Kristin Chenoweth was born on July 24, 1968, in Tulsa, Oklahoma,
and raised in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. Dancing and singing were a big part of her life. "I grew up singing gospel and country
music, and it was one of the biggest influences for me musically. I loved singers like Amy Grant and Sandi Patty. ... and
I was also listening to Barbra Streisand and Judy Garland, but these are the singers that really made an influence on my life,"
she said in an interview with Robert Diamond for the Broadway World website. When she was 12, she sang for the entire
Southern Baptist Convention, performing "I'm Four Foot Eleven and I'm Going to Heaven." She wanted to head to Nashville right
after graduating from high school, but her parents insisted that she go to college. She studied at Oklahoma City University,
receiving a bachelor of arts degree in musical theatre and a master of arts degree in opera performance. While there, she
won the Miss Oklahoma University title, and was runner-up in the 1991 Miss Oklahoma beauty pageant.
She performed in a stage revue at Opryland and then won a
Most Talented Up-and-Coming Singer Award in the Metropolitan Opera National Council auditions, which led to a full scholarship
to Philadelphia's Academy of Vocal Arts. Before leaving for Philadelphia, she took time to help a friend move to New York
City, and while there she auditioned for an Off-Broadway show, "Animal Crackers," and was offered a role. She turned down
the scholarship and accepted the part.
Chenoweth made her Broadway debut in a production of Moliere's
Scapin, starring Bill Irwin. She followed that in the spring of 1997 with the Kander and Ebb musical Steel Pier,
winning a Theatre World award. The following season she appeared in the City Center Encores! production of Strike Up the
Band, and the Lincoln Center Theater production of A New Brain. She created the role of Sally in the first Broadway
production of You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown for the 1998-99 season, winning a Tony Award, a Drama Desk Award, and
an Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical.
The year 1999 found her on television with a supporting role
on the AMC comedy-drama Paramour. She was then cast in the ABC-TV remake of Annie. She had her first non-musical
role on Broadway as the star of the comedy Epic Proportions. She then signed a deal with NBC for a 13-episode commitment
for her own talk show, simply called Kristin, which premiered in the summer of 2001. The show did not do well in the
ratings, but Chenoweth said she would try it again. The year 2001 was a busy one for Chenoweth, as she signed to play in the
pilot Seven Roses on CBS, released her first CD, Let Yourself Go, and played Marian the Librarian in a TV production
of The Music Man, opposite Matthew Broderick.
In October of 2003, she opened the Broadway production of
Wicked as Glinda, the Good, where, as described by Entertainment Weekly, she hung "suspended
in mid air in a mechanical bubble, armed with a magic wand, a sparkling smile, and a soprano that soars far beyond the land
of Oz." Wicked became a major Broadway hit, and Chenoweth was nominated for the 2004 Tony Award for
Best Actress in a Musical. In Dance Spirit, Chenoweth admitted to the challenges of both singing and dancing in Wicked:
"It's hard because, growing up as a dancer, you learn to engage the exact opposite muscles---as far as the diaphragm---as
you do to sing. The trick is maintaining your technique---keeping the breath coming from down low and not totally letting
your stomach hang out when you're dancing."
Chenoweth has worked hard to stay in shape in order to keep
up with the cardiovascular demands of her Broadway performances. She told Dance Spirit, "You've got to find ways to
breathe while you're dancing so that when it comes time for you to stop and sing again, you have it. To prepare, I do a lot
of aerobic activity. Many times at the gym, people will look at me because I'll be on the treadmill humming."
Also in 2003, she began an ongoing role on Sesame Street
as Ms. Noodle. She also starred in a video/DVD with Sesame Street star Elmo, in Elmo's World: Happy Holidays!.
In the spring of 2004, as she was finishing up her run in Wicked and rehearsing for a role in Pink Panther,
she fulfilled her dream of singing the role of Cunegonde in Candide. The song "Glitter and Be Gay" from that show has
become a staple in her concert performances.
In the fall of 2004 Chenoweth joined the television cast of
NBC's Emmy-winning series The West Wing, as Annabeth Schott, the spitfire whiz at public relations. Of her busy career,
she told the Broadway World website, "I don't vacation or have any sort of life. ... but there are bigger problems to have.
I love my work so much, that I just want to do it all." In the spring of 2005 she released a new CD, titled As I Am,
a collection of familiar Christian hits. "I've really wanted to make this spiritual, inspirational record since the events
of 9/11, and I'm glad that I can finally put it out there," she stated on the Broadway World website. The album does include
one non-spiritual song that has become a signature piece for Chenoweth, called "Taylor, the Latte Boy," a fun, lighthearted
romp about a barista at Starbucks.
In the summer of 2005 she played Marie, the nosy neighbor
in Bewitched, a film starring Nicole Kidman. Next came Pink Panther, with Chenoweth playing alongside Steve
Martin and Kevin Kline. She then went on to work on the film Running with Scissors, starring Annette Bening and Gwyneth
Paltrow. Further roles are planned, with Emma Thompson in Fiction and with Robin Williams in RV, both scheduled
for release in 2006.
Chenoweth has performed with numerous symphonies, and held
roles on and off Broadway, on television, and in film. It doesn't look as if her career will be ending anytime soon. But if
it does, "I'm really interested in forensic science," she told Entertainment Weekly. "I'd love to learn about DNA and
Galinda (or Glinda the Good Witch) is a fictional character
in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. She is the most powerful sorceress of Oz, ruler of the
Quadling Country south of the Emerald City, and protector of Princess Ozma.
In Wicked, a novel by Gregory Maguire which reimagines Baum's Oz, the witch is initially known as Galinda is from northern purple descent and hails from the Gillikan Country
In Maguire's adaptation of Oz in Wicked the
musical Galinda is known to not possess any powers at all. She is young, peachy, naive and blonde. It is
known that Elphaba gives Galinda her first starter wand. In fact her rise to power was merely incidental and accidental.
It is seen that Elphaba possesses most power in Oz except for the humbug attempts by the Wizard and weather "maneuvers"
by Madame Morrible Head Mistress of Shiz University, Morrible later reigns as The Wizard's Press Secretary.
The Classic Books
Baum's beloved 1900 novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz refers to Glinda as the
Good Witch of the South. Later books call her a "sorceress" rather than a "witch". Baum's writings make clear that he did
not view witches as inherently wicked or in league with the Devil, so this change was probably meant to signal that Glinda
was even more powerful than a witch.
Another explanation may be that he decided to avoid the negative connotations of "witch";
in Queen Zixi of Ix, he had made Zixi a witch, for which she is shunned by fairies. Again, at the end of The Marvelous Land
of Oz, Glinda distinguishes between "respectable sorceresses" who do not perform shape shifting magic because it is not honest,
and "unscrupulous witches" such as Mombi who will do it; this is why Mombi, rather than Glinda, turns Tip back into the form
Glinda is usually described as the most powerful magician in Oz. In The Patchwork Girl
of Oz, neither Ozma nor the Wizard can break a spell, but later it is revealed that Glinda can do so.
In the books, Glinda is depicted as a tall young woman with red hair in a clinging white
Besides a vast knowledge of magic, Glinda employs various tools, charms, and instruments
in her workshop. The Emerald City of Oz reveals that she owns a Great Book of Records that allows her to track everything
that goes on in the world from the instant it happens. Starting with The Road to Oz she trains the formerly humbug Wizard
in magic; he becomes a formidable practitioner, but acknowledges that she is more powerful yet. Glinda's magic is most apparent
in Glinda of Oz, Baum's last book. In that book, she undoes Queen Coo-ee-oh's transformation of Queen Rora of the Flatheads,
in contrast to her statement in The Marvelous Land of Oz.
Glinda lives in a palace near the southern border of the Quadling Country,
it's color is of red descent, attended by one hundred beautiful maidens (twenty-five from each country of Oz). She also employs
a large army of female soldiers, with which she placed Ozma on the throne of Oz at the end of The Marvelous Land of Oz. Men
are not much in evidence in Glinda's society.
As a ruler, Glinda is strongly protective of her subjects. She creates gated communities
for the rabbits of Bunnybury and the paper dolls of Miss Cuttenclip, and later in The Emerald City of Oz seals off all of
Oz from the Great Outside World for its security. However, unlike Ozma, Glinda is willing to ignore strife and oppression
in remote corners of Oz like Jinxland and the Skeezer territory as long as it does not threaten the Emerald City or innocent
Glitter Graphics ::: Glitterboom.com
|Let The joyous News be spread . . . . . .
|The Wicked Old Witch At Last Is Dead!