Dorothy Gale is a fictional character, the protagonist of many of the Oz novels by American author L. Frank Baum and best friend of
Oz's ruler, Princess Ozma. Dorothy first appears in Baum's classic children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and reappears
in most of its sequels. She also is the main character in the classic 1939 movie adaptation of the book. Most recognize Dorothy's
iconic appearance, wearing a blue and white checked gingham dress and her hair in pigtails. People who know the Land of Oz
only from the 1939 film or from Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz often claim that the main message in Dorothy's experiences
can be summed up in the popular sentiment "There's no place like home," but as Dorothy's adventures continue in later books
Oz steadily becomes more familiar to her than her homeland of Kansas. Indeed, Dorothy eventually goes to live in an apartment
in the Emerald City Palace, but only once Aunt Em and Uncle Henry have settled in a farmhouse on the outskirts of the Emerald
City, unable to pay the mortgage on their house in Kansas. This would suggest that the main message is to get away from home
without severing ties to one's family.
Judy Garland Biography
An American actress and singer, Judy Garland
was born on June 10, 1922. Her career of 45 years has gained her international stardom in her roles in music and drama, and
as a recording artist on stage. Born in Minnesota, Judy Garland’s fame began when she signed a contract with MGM in
1935. There, she performed at various studio functions and was soon cast in the musical short Every Sunday. She gained
the attention of the studio executives with her voice, performing “You Made Me Love You” at a birthday party for
actor Clark Gable. Eventually, she was teamed up with Mickey Rooney in a string of “backyard musicals,” and first
appeared together in the 1937 Thoroughbreds Don’t Cry. After being a big sensation, the two paired up again
for Love Finds Andy Hardy.
Judy Garland landed the lead role of Dorothy Gale in the 1939 Wizard of Oz.
She was 16, when she sang the iconic “Over the Rainbow” in the film, which was a tremendous success. In the same
year she played Patsy Barton in Babes in Arms, and received an Academy Juvenile Award for both her performances.
Judy Garland portrayed Betsy Booth in the family comedy Andy Hardy Meets Debutante. She was also in Strike
Up the Band and played the lead in Little Nellie Kelly in 1940. She starred with Gene Kelly in the film For
Me and My Gal, where she was made the successful transition from child star to adult actress.
One of her most
successful films in MGM is Meet Me in St. Louis in 1944, directed by Vincente Minnelli. The two entered into a relationship
together and were married on June 15, 1945. That same year, Judy Garland starred as Alice Mayberry in her first straight dramatic
film, The Clock. The following year she starred in The Harvey Girls, where the Academy Award-winning song
“On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe” was introduced.
While filming The Pirate in 1947, Judy
Garland suffered a nervous breakdown. She was placed in a private sanitarium, and in July of that year, she made her first
suicide attempt. She completed her final film for MGM, Summer Stock, in 1950. Due to her drug intake, she was unable
to finish a series of films. Though she was cast as Annie Oakley in the film adaptation of Annie Get Your Gun, she
failed to show up on the set and was suspended from the picture. In 1951, she divorced Minnelli and got engaged to Sid Luft.
That same year she received a Tony Award for her contribution to the revival of vaudeville. In 1954, she filmed a musical
remake of A Star is Born for Warner Bros., which was met with wide acclaim. Judy Garland was nominated for the Academy
Award for Best Actress but won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical instead.
The Judy Garland
Show was aired in 1962, but only lasted one season. With the decline of her TV career, she returned to the stage, even
performing with her daughter, Liza Minnelli in 1964. Her health deteriorated by early 1969, and was found dead by her final
husband, Mickey Deans, in the bathroom of their house.
THE ANALYTICAL SIDE OF 1939's WIZARD OF OZ
In the film The Wizard of Oz, Dorothy goes on a journey to a new land in search of the
wizard that will help her return home. Throughout the film, Dorothy learns many things about her home and her family that
she loves and is anxious to get back to. When she finally does return home, she is changed by the experience. In this analysis,
I will explore if and how this experience has changed Dorothy's view of the concept of home. I will focus on what it was specifically
that changed her mind, and why it affected her views.
During Dorothy's journey, she meets many people and sees many things that are new to
her. Many of these things have an affect on her, but none as much as the three friends she makes who journey to the Emerald
City with her, the Scarecrow in search of a brain, the Tinman in search of a heart, and the Cowardly Lion in search of courage.
Each of these characters in her dream represents one of her friends from home (Hunk,
Hickory and Zeke). The Scarecrow, Tinman, and Lion each possess the good qualities of Hunk, Hickory and Zeke, respectively,
but amplified to make them more obvious to Dorothy. Dorothy doesn't realize that deep down she already knows her three friends,
but she knows there is something familiar about them that she can't quite put her finger on. She comes to love them all for
who they are, despite any flaws they feel they have. After meeting the wizard, they learn that what they really wanted to
change about themselves didn't need to be changed at all.
Dorothy's new friends also teach her that no matter how much you feel you are missing
something and no matter how far you travel to look for it, you can usually find it by looking inside yourself. Each of the
characters learns this from the wizard who tells them that what they were looking for (a brain, heart, and courage) were inside
of them the whole time. Even Dorothy had the power within her to return home. Before she leaves Oz, she tells everyone there
that she learned that if you think you've lost something, you shouldn't look any further than your own backyard, and if you
don't find it there, it was never lost to begin with.
When Dorothy returns home, because of the lessons she has learned in Oz, it makes her
see things in a different way. She realizes how much she really cares for her friends. She also realizes that you should love
your friends for good and bad, but focus mainly on the good. Everyone has flaws but if you love someone enough you should
be willing to overlook them. This helps Dorothy to appreciate her home more. It teaches her that absence truly does make the
heart grow fonder.
Dorothy's journey to Oz also makes her realize how much she really loved her home in
general. Before her dream, she wanted to leave Kansas and visit places 'over the rainbow' where things would be better for
her (or so she thought). When she gets to Oz, it is a beautiful magical place where she makes new friends and becomes a hero.
Despite all of this, she wants nothing more than to be back in Kansas.
When Dorothy finally does return home, it is the same place as when she left, but she
sees it through new eyes. It is truly as though she is awakening, and not just from her dream. She had learned that "home"
is not just a house (if this were the case she could have stayed in Oz, because after arriving there, her house remained in
Munchkinland). She learned that "home" was the people she left behind. She missed her family and friends, and was willing
to give up her dream of the magical, beautiful place over the rainbow to be with them.
am not affiliated with any official Ted Turner business with anything pertaining to the Wizard of Oz, Ozma, Glinda the Good
or Dorothy of Oz. However, I do call myself an Oz Enthusiast and Ozian Collector I am also part Historian on the Wizard
of Oz and anything pertaining to Baum, Maguire & Oz itself. The information on my website will only be
for fun fan based usage from all official, behind the scenes books, musicals, Oz books, dvds and novels on or about this
classic story and it's sequels. This is a completely fan based unofficial archive, from my point of view . . . . . but,
does Oz really exist? Imbedded into our subconscience subliminally. Am I a double agent for Oz Security? One may
never l know. Aha! YOU figure it out :)